Briefly About Web Development
In 1991 an engineer and a scientist Tim Burns-Lee created the world’s first website, a primitive information page to show how HTML markup language looks and works. Since then it has grown into a developed web with the number of different websites on various subjects.
Today it is difficult to be a successful company if you don’t have your own resource. Everyone knows that now a consumer is looking for information about a product, services, a company on the Internet. In order to create a website people turn to an agency engaged in web development. Nowadays, there are a lot of companies providing services for web development. To understand the process better here is a short introduction.
Website development is a very complex and time-consuming process, which uses a number of technologies and is divided into several stages.
Web development uses many different technologies and ready-made products: these are programming languages, databases and other information stores, software products to simplify development, and server software.
In short, modern websites consist of the following main components:
- Interface. This is what the users see when they visit the site.
- Software part. These are algorithms that serve to process user requests. In fact, the software unit creates or receives information from the database that users request, and also receives and processes data from users.
- Database. This is the storage location for the information that is used on the website. The database stores the content of all resource pages and their correlation, user orders in online stores and much more. At the request of the software unit, the database finds and gives the required records (for example, information displayed on the page), or records new data (for example, order content).
- Hosting. This is a server (computer) where the software unit of the website functions and the database is stored. Hosting can be different, the speed and reliability of the webpage depends on its type.
The actual requirements for the components are quite predictable:
- The interface should be attractive and convenient, it must be displayed correctly in different browsers and on various devices.
- The software unit must perform its tasks quickly and without errors.
- The database must store information reliably and process requests quickly.
- The server should work without interruptions, shouldn’t slow down and withstand many simultaneous requests.
As you can see, programming seems to be a very difficult process to deal with. But if you have made up your mind to design a site, our specialist in hetman-devs.com can help to meet all your requirements. There are different kinds of websites:
- catalogue site;
- business card site;
- online store and so on.
Once you have decided on the type of website, professional service of web development gets in the game.
There are several stages of web development:
- Brief analysis and technical task writing.
A brief is a document, a kind of questionnaire, filled in by a customer. In a brief clients indicate wishes for the design, functionality of the page or program, as well as describe other details of the project. Based on the brief, managers of IT companies create a technical task for developers.
2. Development of marketing strategy and structure of the future resource.
If yesterday no one thought about it, today this stage is very important. It is carried out simultaneously with the first one. As a rule, a website is just a part of a marketing strategy and its tool. So that it could fully perform its functions, you need to consult with marketers, in particular with an SEO-specialist,before starting to develop.
3. Design development.
At this stage, the designer draws pages of a resource, starting with the main one. When talking about the design of a site, initially layouts of the desktop version were created, but times are changing. Most customers use mobile devices to access the Internet. So it is very important that the page not only looks attractive, but also works properly on smartphones. This is how Mobile First technology recently appeared, which involves creating a mobile version of the website. An indispensable requirement for the design is a “friendly” intuitive interface, interacting with which the resource user finds all the necessary information easily and quickly.
There are two main kinds of developers. Front-end developers “liven up” the design by turning the layouts into interactive web pages. Then backend specialists start writing the server part of the site or program. As a rule, you don’t see their work with an eye, but you feel it when using certain functions of the resource, creating an account or purchasing something online, because all your requests are processed on the backend side.
You can also meet the third type which is called full stack web development. Full stack developers work with both parties at the same time. Although each of the “ends” involves the study of a large amount of information, full stack developers can comfortably “communicate” with both the database and the browser.
The server part is not always written individually for each site. There are also ready-made solutions – various content management systems (CMS). Depending on the type of website, the optimal CMS is selected, with the help of which the resource works. In this case, experts customize the system for a specific website.
5. Filling the site with information.
Filling is a separate stage from the general development process. This is done by the content manager, site owner or IT company.
6. Placing the resource on the Internet.
At this stage, the developer helps the client to choose the hosting (place on the Internet) and get a domain (resource address) – two things needed to host the site. Then it is transferred to this hosting.
The resource is manually tested for compliance with design layouts, speed, optimization for mobile devices and display in different browsers at each stage. The final quality check is an assessment of the finished product from the point of view of both the programmer and the user.
8. Promotion of the resource.
This stage is not a part of the main development process, but is very important in the age of digital marketing. At this stage, SEO-specialists, SMM-managers and targetologists are engaged in comprehensive promotion of the resource: analyze its work, create a strategy of internal and external optimization and implement it.
It is sometimes very difficult to catch up with the pace of information technology development, so the majority of the population remains simply users on the World Wide Web. But there are those for whom the Internet is more than means of finding information.They are web developers. Development for a programmer or a designer is like creativity for an artist, and every website created is a matter of pride. Our task in hetman-devs.com is not only to write a code or draw designs, but to create a product that will meet the requirements of any customer and the needs of any end user.